Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences, 1998
TI: Nitric oxide is produced via 5-HT1B and 5-HT2B receptor activation in human coronary artery endothelial cells.
AU: Ishida-T; Kawashima-S; Hirata-K; Yokoyama-M
AD: Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University School of Medicine.
SO: Kobe-J-Med-Sci. 1998 Apr; 44(2): 51-63
AB: The aim of this study is to clarify the serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtypes responsible for 5-HT-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in cultured human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions revealed that HCAECs possessed only 5-HT1B and 5-HT2B receptor mRNAs. 5-HT (0.001-10 mumol/L) induced nitrite production from HCAEC. A selective 5-HT1B/1D agonist sumatriptan (0.01-10 mumol/L) caused nitrite production. A selective 5-HT2 agonist (+/-)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane hydrochloride (DOI, 0.01-10 mumol/L) also mimicked the effect of 5-HT. The 5-HT-induced nitrite production was completely inhibited by the nonselective 5-HT1/2 antagonist methiothepin (0.1 mumol/L), but not by the 5-HT2A/2C antagonist ketanserin (0.1 mumol/L). Each of these agonists evoked the elevation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration in HCAECs. These findings suggest that 5-HT-induced NO production is mediated by both of 5-HT1B and 5-HT2B receptor activation in HCAECs. Thus, the 5-HT-evoked endothelium-dependent relaxation of human coronary arteries in vivo might be evoked by net effects of the activation of these receptor subtypes.