Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences, 1995
TI: The prevalence of diabetic complication of elderly diabetics in Himeji.
AU: Asami-M; Fujisawa-Y; Takamiya-T; Asami-M; Yoshida-M
AD: Himeji Medical Association, Japan.
SO: Kobe-J-Med-Sci. 1995 Dec; 41(6): 187-95
AB: Diabetes mellitus has recently markedly increased among elderly patient's diseases. There are no recent epidemiological reports on the relative number of male and female diabetic patients. So, an epidemiological study was performed on 746 Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus patients, whose data were obtained from members of the Himeji Internal Medicine Association, divided into six groups according to sex and duration of illness. The following results were obtained. 1) The number of male patients was greater by about 20% than that of female patients, while elderly patients accounted for a larger proportion, nd age at onset of disease was about ten years higher in female than in male patients. 2) All indicators of diabetes mellitus became worse with longer duration of illness. 3) There was a correlation between the prevalence of complications and the duration of illness: The prevalence of complications increased in parallel with increasing duration of illness, and this tendency was more marked in female than in male patients. 4) Female patients had a more marked tendency to develop hypertension, hyperlipidemia and obesity than male patients. 5) Microangiopathy generally manifested itself earlier than macroangiopathy, and the increase in the prevalence of angiopathy in accordance with prolonged duration of illness was more marked for microangiopathy than for macroangiopathy. Clinical features of Japanese diabetics are found to be similar to those of Europeans, especially dominant in females. This might be due to the changing life style in japan.