Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences, 1992
TI: The computed tomographic evaluation of patellofemoral joint in patellar fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation.
AU: Benli-IT; Akalin-S; Mumcu-EF; Citak-M; Kilic-M; Pasaoglu-E
AD: Ankara Social Security Hospital, 1st Orthopaedic and Traumatology Clinic, Turkey.
SO: Kobe-J-Med-Sci. 1992 Aug; 38(4): 233-43
AB: In this study, we examined 97 patella fractures in which open reduction and internal fixation had been performed at the 1st Orthopaedics and Trauma Clinic of Social Security Ankara Hospital between January 1983 and December 1988. After 24 to 96 months, on an average of 48.4 months follow-up period, the cases were evaluated clinically for knee function complaints and by CT and roentgenography for patellofemoral articulation. In 11 of the patients (11.5) there was patellar displacement, 2 of the patients had patellar tilt (2.1%) and in 14 patients (14.5%) there was malalignment in which 1 patient (1.1%) had both patellar tilt and displacement. This data was obtained by measuring femoral trochlear angle (FTA) and patellar tilt angle (PTA) by CT at various degrees of knee flexion. Thirty-three patients (34%) had slight and 19 patients (19.6%) had severe degenerative changes in the patellofemoral articulation. It is found that there is close relation between the variability of the pain complaints of the patients and the type of the fracture and the time of management and the postoperative rehabilitation.